10th Class / Grade English Notes Chapter # 14 Shopping

Question and Answers

Q.1  Why did mother ask Najma and Ajmal to go with her for shopping?

Ans. Mother asked Najma and Ajmal to go with her for shopping because their father was not at home. He was on tour and in his absence the mother had to do shopping. Moreover, they also have run out of groceries and provisions.

Q.2  How much fare did the taxi driver demanded?

Ans. Mother hired a taxi to reach the market and asked the driver about the fare. The taxi driver demanded twenty rupees before hand s the meter was out of order.

Q.3  What did mother tell the taxi-driver?

Ans. The mother was shocked by the demand of taxi driver because the fare was too much as the distance was hardly a kilometer. She further threatened that she would take him to traffic constable if he insisted on charging 20 rupees

Q.4  Where did mother and children go first for shopping?

Ans. Mother and children firstly went to the mutton market. Najma and Ajmal were astonished to see the Halal animals hanging in the market.

Q.5  What is the difference between beef and mutton?

Ans. The meat of cows, calves and buffaloes is called beef. Whereas mutton is the flesh of goats and sheep.

Q.6  What did mother buy at the butcher’s shop?

Ans. Firstly mother bargained with the butcher and settled the price at ninety rupees a kilo according to the price-list. Then she demands one kilo of leg and one kilo minced meat.

Q.7  Where did mother go after making purchases at the butcher?

Ans. After making purchases at the butcher’s mother headed towards the vegetables and fruit. She wanted to buy fresh and tasty vegetables for the incoming month.

Q.8  How did the mother buy bananas and apples?

Ans. Monthly firstly inquired the fruit sever about the price. Then she bought ten bananas at a rte of fifteen rupees and one kg apples at a cost of twenty rupees.

Q.9  What did mother buy last of all?

Ans. After making all purchases mother went to a poultry shop. She bought eggs and one kilo of dressed chicken at a rate of twenty and ninety rupees respectively.

Q.10  How far is the market from the house of Najma and Ajmal?

Ans. The market was not so far from the house of Najma and Ajmal. It was about a distance of one thousands metres.

  • What did mother ask the children to do when they reached back home? A When they had reached back home, mother asked Ajmal to polish his own and Najma’s shoes. She order ordered Najma to iron the clothes.

Q.12  When do we use Metre, Kilometre, Kilo and Litre?

Ans. These are all measuring units of different quantities. Metre is used for measuring Length, Kilometre for distance, Kilo for weightsand Litre to measure liquids except with those of high viscosity.

Q.13  Give the reason why polythene bags are not being used all over the world? or What is / are the harmful effects of polythene bags?

Ans. Polythene bags are not being used all over the world because they are major source of water pollution. They lock the sewerage pipes and when the drains are chocked, the dirty water spills all over. There is no suitable way of disposing these bags.

Q.14  How can we call the mother a vigilant customer? or How did mother bargain for the price at the butcher’s shop?

Ans. We can call the mother a vigilant customer because before buying anything she seemed to be very conscious the price and quality of goods. At the butcher’s shop, she firstly inquired about the price. When she knew the price, she insisted on charging less rupees because the prices were exceeding the price list. The butcher started telling stories but finally he agreed on the low rate which shows the vigilance of mother.

Q.15  Why were Najma and Ajmal excited?

Ans. Najma and Ajmal were excited because the first time they were going for shopping. The idea of learning new and interesting things was making them excited.

‘Q.16 Why did Taxi driver demand 20 rupees for fare?

Ans. Taxi driver demanded 20 rupees for the fare because he wanted to make more money than the fare. As the meter of taxi was also our of order, so taking the advantage of this situation he wanted to charge 20 rupees.


  1. Beef: Beef is the flesh of cows, calves and buffaloe
  2. Calves: Calve beef is more tasty than cows and buffaloe
  3. Carton: This carton of soap contains 100 cakes of soap.
  4. Cabbage: We grow fresh cabbages in the garden.
  5. Hire: Aslam hired a taxi to reach the station.
  6. Spices: Spices add delicious taste to the food.
  7. Meter: We should not harm our gas and electric meter.
  8. Unit: The unit of time in M.K.’s system is second
  9. Provisions: We buy provisions every month from the Sunday Bazar.
  10. Mutton: Mutton is the flesh of goats and sheep


  1. Frightened – Afraid
  2. Hail – Greet
  3. Buy – Purchase
  4. Carton – Box
  5. Provisions – Supplies
  6. Pointing – Hinting
  7. Threaten – Warn


  1. Swim – Drown
  2. Alive – Dead
  3. Float – Sink
  4. Front – Rear
  5. Start – Stop
  6. Boil – Freeze
  7. Part – Whole
  8. Buy – Sell
  9. Agree – Differ
  10. Reject – Accept


1. Complete with Kilogram, Litre, Metres and Kilometres

  1. My house is three kilometre from the railway.
  2. This jar contains one kilogram of honey.
  3. He measured out ten metres of rope.
  4. The price of kerosene oil is five rupees a litre.
  5. Sugar – cane is usually two to three metres long.
  6. The speed of this aeroplane is seven hundreds kilometres and hour.
  7. This car does twelve kilometres to a litre of petr

2.Complete with the following

out of order, out of date, enforce, in order, up-to-date, to date

  1. The old system of weights and measures is no longer enforce.
  2. You must revise your book and bring to up-to-date.
  3. The Shopkeeper told him that their weighing machine was out of order.
  4. I have received no letter from him to-date.
  5. This rule is enforce, we must follow it.
  6. That book was published ten years ago, it is completely out of date.

3. Complete with the following

with cake, bar, jar, packet, carton, bag, roll

  1. A carton of soap contains 144 soap cake
  2. Please bring a jar of Swat honey for me.
  3. What is the price of one bag of flour?
  4. The price of a cake of soap has increased by one rupee.
  5. The shopkeeper charged me ninety rupees for this roll of c
  6. This chocolate is cheap at three rupees a bar.
  7. This packet contains 25 biscuit

4. Prepositions

  1. The driver brought the taxi to a sudden halt.
  2. He took off his old coat and put on the new one.
  3. Please turn off the radio and turn on the V.
  4. Before leaving the kitchen she put off the fire.
  5. She turned out the cat and shut the door.
  6. My friend turned up late from the cinema.
  7. The watchman turned out to be thief.
  8. The plane took off at 10’O Clock.

5. Change into Active Voice

  1. He was robbed and beaten by some unknown person

Ans. Some unknown persons robbed and beat him.

  1. The field was ploughed, the seed was sown and the crop was harvested by the farmer himself.

Ans. The farmer himself ploughed the field, sowed the seed nd harvested the crop.

6. Change into Passive Voice

  1. She brushed, cleaned and ironed her coat.

Ans. The coat was brushed, cleaned and ironed by her.

2.  I brought this news to him.

Ans. That news was brought to him by me.


You go shopping to buy a cloth for your School uniform Write a dialogue with the shopkeeper.

Me: “Hello sir, may I have a cloth for the school uniform?” Shopkeeper: “Sure, wait a second.”

Me: “Is this purely cotton?”

Shopkeeper: “No, it is paper cotton. But assure you that it will last longer?”

Me: “Ok! But how can you say that the colour of trouser will not fade?”

Shopkeeper:It is my guarantee that the colour will not fade otherwise you can have your money back.”

Me: “Alright, how much it costs?”

Shopkeeper: “First tell me how much do you want?”

Me: “I need about 6 meters of the cloth.”

Shopkeeper: “Actually, the real price is 200 rupees but as you are our regular customer,

you can have it at a cost of 18 rupees.”

Me: “It’s too expensive. Can’t you be more flexible?”

Shopkeeper: “No my son, because if I do so I will deprived of my profit.”

Me: “Ok, take these 180 rupees and pack the cloth.” Shopkeeper: “No problem.”


  1. To have the lion’s share: To take the biggest share of something.

Example: Divide the cake into equal slices and don’t have the lion’s share for yourself.

Sentence: Divide the profit share equally and don’t have the lion’s share.

  1. To same something for rainy day: To keep for some future security.

Example: He wanted all his savings and has save nothing for a rainy day.

Sentence: He lost all his money in gamble and didn’t save anything for a rainy day.

  1. To cry over spilt milk: To grieve over something uselessly.

Example: The damage has been done, but instead of crying over spilt milk, do something to repair.

Sentence: It is useless crying over spilt milk.

  1. Its high time: The moment has already come.

Example: The exams begin next month as its high time by now.

Sentence: The cricket match will start in twenty minutes so it’s high time we should leave for the stadium.

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