10th Class / Grade English Notes Chapter # 24 Making A Summary

Question and Answers

Q.1  Give the Summary of the Lesson.

Ans. We use summary to express lengthy material in short steps. A good summary is generally one third of the length. Precise must not look like a collection of disjointed sentences nor should any important or beautiful idea of the original be left. For making a precise, we should keep five skills in mind among which generalizing of ideas is an initial step. Selection of related ideas, compression of lengthy sentences, use of indirect  narration and reference of the author counts very much in Precise-writing.

Q.2  What is the significance of Precise-Writing?

Ans. The significance of Precise-writing is clear from the fact that in this fast moving world, one could not pace up with the advancement of the world, so the man of this century depends mostly upon precise. It is the easiest way to get information at length in shortest possible time by average reading.

Q.3  What are the steps involved in Precise-Writing?

Ans. Precise-writing is used to express prolong material in short steps. A perfect precise can be produced by the combination of five steps among which use of indirect narration and compression of lengthy material are important. The other steps are selection of related ideas, generalizing of ideas and reference of the author.

Grammar

1. Give One General Word

  1. Football, Cricket, Hockey, Volley ball – Games/Sports
  2. Tables, Chairs, Sofas, Cupboards – Furniture
  3. Snakes, Crocodiles, Lizards – Reptiles
  4. Lions, Bears, Tigers – Beasts
  5. Sheep, Goats, Horses, Camels, Donkeys – Cattles

2. Compress into One Word

  1. That which cannot be done – Impossible
  2. That which cannot be eaten – Inedible
  3. That which cannot be described – Indescribable
  4. That which cannot be conquered – Invincible
  5. That which cannot be read – Illegible
  6. That which cannot be seen – Invisible
  7. That which cannot be avoided – Inevitable

3. Indirect Speech

  1. “She is lonely”, they say

Indirect: They say that she is lonely.

  1. “Could it be mended”? they asked

Indirect: They asked if it could have been mended.

  1. “Open the suit case”, he said to him.

Indirect: He ordered him to open the suit-case.

  1. I am unwell”, he says

Indirect: He tells that he is unwell.

  1. “I was lying”, he confess

Indirect: He confessed that he had been lying.